If you have a site with acidic soil, consider planting Enkianthus campanulatus, the red-veined enkianthus. In spring, this shrub is covered in a profusion of white flowers that feature pink veins. In autumn the leaves turn red. The Royal Horticultural Society gave the Red-veined Enkianthus the Award of Garden Merit.
The elliptical leaves of this slow to moderate growing shrub are 1 to 3 inches long and turn striking shades of red, orange, and yellow in fall. The bell-shaped flowers are typical of the Enkianthus genus and other plants in the Ericaceae family. They can be white with pink stripes or dark red. They make a cheerful and colorful addition to your garden.
After pollination and the death of the flowers, small brown capsules form. This shrub will be 6-8 feet tall and 4-9 feet wide at maturity. Plant your Enkianthus campanulatus in spring or autumn.
Red vein Enkianthus care
The botanical name associated with this shrub is Enkianthus campanulatus. It belongs to the Ericaceae family. The genus name Enkianthus is of Greek origin and combines two words. Enkyos means swollen or pregnant and Anthos means flower. The species name Campanulatus was given to indicate that the flowers are shaped like bells.
Not many pests disturb the Enkianthus campanulatus plant. You may occasionally see spider mites, which can be removed by blasting water at the mites with your hose or using a horticultural oil on days when the weather isn’t too hot.
There are usually no problems with diseases on red-veined enkianthus.
Enkianthus campanulatus requires a planting spot that offers full sun to partial shade.
This Enkianthus campanulatus shrub is a bog bed and needs a spot with acidic soil. If the pH is close, you can work on making the soil acidic, although you’ll need to test every year and make sure the levels are still low enough.
This plant needs weekly watering to maintain a moist soil.
temperature and humidity
Garden locations in USDA hardiness zones 5-7 are suitable for this Enkianthus species. Its original distribution area is in Japan.
A fertilizer for acidic soil is just the thing for the red-veined enkianthus.
Red Vein Enkianthus varieties
‘Albiflorus’: offers creamy white flowers with pink accents
‘Showy Lantern’: with dark pink flowers
‘Sikokianus’: shows red flowers
‘Variegata’: shows leaves with white variegation on the edges
Red-veined enkianthus forms naturally into a pleasing shape and the only pruning you should be doing is tending to any branches that are dead, diseased or damaged. Prune just after the plant blooms so you don’t spoil next year’s flower harvest.
Propagating Red Vein Enkianthus
Red vein enkianthus can be propagated with softwood cuttings. Using clean, sharp pruning shears, snip enkianthus 4 to 6 inches long. Pinch off the leaves from the bottom of the cutting. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone, tapping off excess. Stick the cuttings in containers filled with all-purpose potting soil and water regularly. After six to eight weeks, your cuttings should have enough rooting to plant outdoors.
How to grow Red Vein Enkianthus from seed
It’s super easy to grow red-veined enkianthus from seeds as they can be sown directly into the ground in late winter or early spring. But beware: When growing from seeds, the foliage can vary from plant to plant.
Enkianthus campanulatus seeds are quite small so keep that in mind when handling them.